Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Extra frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans zenske pidzame as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the zenske pidzame fifties, but within the early 20-to start with century They're rather exceptional.

Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length,[16] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and could also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major over shorts or short pants.[18]

Pajamas may these days make reference to Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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